Blueberries varieties River: description and features of cultivation
Garden variety of blueberries The river is one of the most common species. It differs from other tastes, as well as the ability to withstand the most severe frosts without additional shelters for the winter.
Shrub tall, reaches 2 m in height. The branches are sprawling and straight, which allows them to be attached to trellises with large fruit formations on them. With high-quality agricultural technology can yield up to 10 kg of berries from the bush. It grows on any soil, and also withstands strong moisture.
Important! It is advisable that the soil is acidic, since the quality of the crop increases on this soil.
The variety was first bred in New Zealand. Since it adapts well to any weather conditions, the variety can grow in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus. It grows well in cold regions.
The root system of blueberries consists of two types of roots. Skeletal roots grow inland, while fouling is closer to the top of the soil. The roots are powerful enough and are able to take moisture deeply.
Green shade foliage. Leaves are oval oblong, smooth, without denticles. A characteristic gloss is observed on the surface of the sheet, the inner side is matte.
Description of berries:
- medium sizes, can also reach up to 20 mm in diameter;
- blue tint;
- taste like blueberries;
- the pulp is dense, juicy;
- do not fall off after ripening from the bush;
- fruits can be harvested using technology;
- perfectly transported.
Did you know? Blueberries are used as a natural food coloring in blue.
Advantages and disadvantages
Berries contain many antioxidants, vitamins and fiber. All this brings tremendous benefits to the human body. With everyday use of blueberries, intestinal motility is normalized, and nerve and immune cells are strengthened. Blueberry also improves heart function and strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
- Grade advantages:
- the fruits are transportable, withstand prolonged transport, are suitable for fresh consumption, they can also be frozen;
- is mid-early, by the end of June you can harvest;
- unpretentious to climatic conditions and easily adapts to a new climate;
- practically not exposed to diseases;
- maintains subzero temperatures.
Did you know? Blueberries contain a large amount of iron, which is necessary for the human body.
- begins to bear fruit in the third year, while giving about 800 g of fruit;
- requires annual pruning, with the help of which the number of branches is reduced, and the bush can bear fruit normally.
It is advisable to perform planting in the spring, since before the cold weather the plant has time to take root.It is advisable to plant it in pits with a diameter of not less than 60 cm and a depth of not more than 50 cm. Between the bushes should be left at 2 m distance, and between the rows at 3 m. if they bend under the weight of the fruit.
To acidify the soil, you can fill the drainage before planting in the pit:
- sawdust from pine.
Important! It is recommended to plant several different varieties on the site, so the plants will be pollinated and give a larger crop.
After landing care
After planting seedlings in the soil, the soil should be mulched with hay, sawdust, leaves or needles. Weeding is recommended before and after irrigation, so that the soil receives a sufficient amount of oxygen. Do not weep deeply, since the root system is near the surface of the soil.Mulch will help preserve the moisture level of the soil, as well as protect the plant from the appearance of weeds.
It should be watered twice a week for 2 buckets under the bush. In extreme heat, watering can be increased. Fertilizing is carried out in the spring, 50 g of sulfur powder is introduced - it will help maintain the desired balance of acidity.Cut in the spring, until the buds open. They remove weak branches, broken, dry, as well as those that are very young. 7 powerful branches should be left on the shrub. In order for the plant to give a good harvest, it is important to carefully monitor and care for it. Without watering and certain agricultural activities, the shrubs will dry out and die.