Blueberry Blucrop: variety description and cultivation characteristics
Today, blueberries are increasingly grown by farmers and gardeners. This unpretentious plant produces yields of tasty and healthy berries. Among the many varieties of culture is especially popular variety Blucrop, which is suitable for private and industrial cultivation, lends itself well to mechanical cultivation and harvesting. As experienced gardeners note, there are varieties with tastier and larger berries, but Blucrop is loved for its reliability - the variety is very frost-resistant, tolerates weather fluctuations, changes in soil acidity, and is guaranteed to please the harvest at the end of the season.
Shrub is overgrown, reaches 1.5–2 m in height and up to 1.7 m in width. The branches are strong upright, slightly sprawling. The bush grows much in breadth. Its lateral shoots branch out very actively, which leads to a significant thickening of the crown.
The plant has high frost resistance (up to –36 ° С). It tolerates temporary drought. Compared with other types of blueberries, it reacts little to changes in soil acidity.
Blueberry variety was bred by American breeders in 1941. Today it is distributed throughout North America and Canada, as well as almost throughout Europe. Universal, takes root in almost any climate and is considered the most optimal for cultivation for industrial purposes.
Did you know? Eating blueberries for food improves memory and vision at night.
The root system is fibrous, has a dense branching. Penetrates into the soil to a depth of 30–40 cm. Given this, digging up and loosening the soil in the near-stem circle of the bush should be done carefully and not deeper than 10 cm. The roots of blueberries do not have suction hairs through which moisture and nutrients could be obtained.
Instead, everything necessary for the plant is delivered by mycorrhiza - microscopic fungi that live in symbiosis with the roots of the plant. Mycorrhiza needs a certain level of soil acidity, which is why it is said that blueberries love acidic soils.
The leaves on the shrub are large, glossy, oblong, with no nicks.. There is usually a lot of foliage, and it gives the plant a decorative look. In the summer, the leaves have a dark green color. In the spring they can be light green in color. In autumn, green leaves become saturated with red or yellow-red hues.
The berries of Bluecrop grow in large clusters. Very large - up to 2.2 cm in diameter, weighing about 2 g. The shape is slightly flattened. They have a dense skin of dark blue color with a light blue coating. The pulp is greenish, the juice inside the fruit is transparent.
The taste is very pleasant sweet and sour. In the presence of a particularly abundant harvest, the taste of the berries becomes tart, so it is recommended to thin out the shrub, and ripen the berries regularly. The fruits are suitable for both mechanical and manual assembly.
Did you know? On healthy blueberries, there must be a layer of light pollen.
Blucrop is a tall hybrid variety of blueberries. These varieties are self-pollinating and do not require additional actions for the formation of ovaries and fruits. However, if other blueberry varieties are planted nearby with the same flowering period (May - early June), this can increase the number of ovaries and, accordingly, the yield. Pollinating varieties for Blucrop can be Bluray, Bonus, Duke.
For landing, you must choose a well-lit, calm place. It is advisable that the groundwater lie approximately 70 cm from the surface of the earth, because blueberries love moisture, and its roots are small.The soil is preferably loamy, sandy loam, peaty. It is also important for blueberries that the soil is acidic, with an acidity of 3.6–5.1 Ph. If the soil in the area is clay, then sand 3-5 kg per 1 m² should be mixed into it. Dry foliage can also be applied. This will give the earth friability. The soil should be prepared about six months before planting.
To do this, make fertilizers and top dressing per 1 m²:
- nitrogen - 20 g;
- phosphorus - 15 g;
- potassium - 35 g;
- humus - 7 kg.
After feeding and sand, the earth needs to be dug up.
If the acidity of the soil is insufficient, it can be increased in the following ways (by 1 m²):
- Moisten the ground and sprinkle 15 g of sulfur powder.
- Dilute 30 ml of electrolyte in 10 l of water and pour the soil with this solution.
- Vinegar in an amount of 100 ml diluted in 10 liters of water and irrigate.
- Dissolve 5 g of citric acid in 10 l of water and also pour the solution with earth.
Important! Blueberries can not be planted in a place where there used to be a plant requiring lime dressing.
For planting, it is recommended to buy planting material in proven nurseries. Seedlings should be 2-3 years old with a developed root system. Before rooting, it is necessary to carefully straighten and examine the roots of the plant in order to verify its health and place for 15-20 minutes. in water.
Based on the size of the roots, it is necessary to dig a planting pit, on the bottom of which as crushed stone or broken brick lay a layer of 25 cm. The seedling is set directly, the roots are straightened and sprinkled with earth, slightly tamping. The root neck should be placed 5 cm below the surface of the earth. The bluecrop is a tall bushes, so the distance between the planting holes should be at least 2 m and 3 m between the rows.
After landing care
After planting, abundant watering is carried out (7 l of water per plant) and mulch the near-stem circle with needles, sawdust or chopped pine bark.It is necessary to regularly weed the soil around the shrub from weeds and to carry out its shallow loosening so that the soil is saturated with oxygen.
Within two months after rooting, a young seedling must be watered 5-7 liters of water 2 times a week. Further watering is carried out usually once a week by the drip method. Blueberry is a very hygrophilous plant. However, you need to ensure that the water does not stagnate, otherwise the root system will rot. In the first 3-4 years, you do not need to add additional fertilizer and cut the shrub.
Important! For fertilizer, you can not use fresh manure. Its presence can lead to burns of the root system of blueberries.
Yields, fruiting periods
The variety belongs to the mid-season variety. In the southern regions, berries ripen in mid-June. In middle latitudes, harvesting usually lasts from the end of July to the end of August - beginning of September, because the berries do not ripen at the same time, so the harvest is carried out in several stages. Blycrop begins to bear fruit 3-4 years after rooting.
From a young bush you can collect up to 4 kg of berries. At 6–8 year, at the stage of maximum fruiting, Blycrop produces up to 9 kg of fruit from one plant. The Blycrop variety is recognized as a reference. This is a favorite variety of farmers around the world. The plant is practically not affected by pests and is not susceptible to disease. Stably gives a plentiful harvest. Berries perfectly tolerate transportation and storage.