Characteristics and features of growing honeysuckle cultivar Sinichka
Sinichka variety is chosen by many gardeners who grow honeysuckle in their area. In the article you will read about the description and characteristics of this plant, the features of its planting and care, as well as measures to combat the main diseases and pests of Titmouse.
The titmouse was bred in the Moscow nursery by breeders A. Skvortsov and A. Kuklina. The selection material was seedlings from the Magadan region and Kamchatka.
An application for registration of the variety was filed in 1985, and after 3 years it was officially entered on the Register. Since then, Sinichka has proven itself in various climatic zones, including in the North.
Titmouse is a vigorous edible variety of honeysuckle; bush height reaches 2 m or more. For the first 2–3 years, the shrub shows slow growth; it grows to full size in 6–7 years.
Did you know? Honeysuckle berries enhance the secretory function of the stomach and promote good digestion.
The berries are large, oblong, on the tip resemble a small saucer. From the beginning of ripening, the fruits have a yellow-blue color, and ripened become black with a bluish coating. The skin is thin, the flesh is sweet and sour and delicate in taste. The weight of each berry is 0.8–1 g.
Like any other variety, Titmouse has its own characteristics. Those who grow it on their sites, note both the advantages and disadvantages of culture. Consider them more carefully.
Frost and drought resistance
The variety is able to withstand hot and dry summers. The ovaries and buds are frost-resistant up to -5 ° C. Shrubs can withstand temperatures up to -30 ° C.
The ripening of Titmouse berries begins early. The first crop can be harvested already in early summer. The fruit yield from one bush is 5–7 kg.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The main advantages of Titmouse are:
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- low susceptibility to diseases and pests;
- the taste and benefits of the fruit.
- The disadvantages of the variety include:
- low self-pollination;
- uneven ripening and rapid shedding of berries;
- poor fruit transportation.
Sinichka is pollinated by bees, flies, bumblebees. The self-pollination of the variety is low, a good harvest will be observed only when planting pollinators near the Titmouse. For this, such varieties of honeysuckle are suitable:
- Moscow 23;
When deciding to grow Sinichka honeysuckle in their area, you need to pay special attention to the correctness of its planting. It is necessary to take into account the timing, choose the right place for landing and planting material.
Honeysuckle is best planted in early autumn. This also applies to the variety under consideration. In spring, seedlings should be planted before the first buds open on the bush.
Site selection, well preparation
The landing site should be sunny, it is possible to grow in the shade, but in this case the yield will decrease. Soil is needed loamy, acidity is closer to neutral. Stagnant waters and close groundwater should be avoided so that root rot does not occur.
Planting pits should be square in shape, 40 × 40 cm in size. From them, dig the soil and add compost or rotted humus into each pit. The distance between them should be at least 1.5 m.
Selection and preparation of planting material
For planting, seedlings 2-3 years old are most preferred.They are already strong and have a branched root system. There should be buds on the branches.
Before planting, you need to carefully inspect the seedlings and get rid of damaged and broken branches, as well as dry roots. It is better to immediately get together with Sinichka honeysuckle of different varieties for better pollination and increase productivity.
Having prepared the planting site and seedlings, you must follow this simple instruction:
- Water the wells thoroughly, make a small tubercle in the center.
- Lower the seedling into the hole, straighten the roots. The root neck should be at ground level or 2 cm lower.
- Dig the root of the ground.
- Water at the rate of 10 liters of water per one bush of Titmouse.
- Sprinkle with mulch the surface layer around the bush.
Sinichka honeysuckle care is simple and consists of the following items:
- Watering. Especially important during periods of flowering and fruiting. 10 liters of water should be poured under each bush, and in dry weather the amount of liquid increases to 15–20 liters.
- Top dressing. Fertilizers must be applied in the fall using a mixture of 5 kg of compost, 40 g of superphosphate and 100 g of ash.
- Pruning. It must be performed no earlier than the plant reaches the age of 6 years. It is necessary to prevent the plant from thickening, for which purpose damaged, broken and diseased branches should be removed under the very base. Once every 3 years, you need to thin out the crown, leaving the strongest and strongest branches.
Important! When pruning Titmouse, do not touch the top, as there are flower buds on it.
Harvesting and storage
The variety of honeysuckle Sinichka is early ripe, berries can be harvested already on June 12-19. There are two ways to do this:
- Brush off the bushhaving previously spread a burlap or an open umbrella on the ground. However, with this method there is a chance to damage the berries, so they will not be able to be stored for a long time.
- Harvested by handpeeling berries without stalks, the peel thus does not tear and the fruits do not let juice.
The collected fruits are delicate and easily creased, so they need to be laid in small containers with a thin layer. It is better to eat berries immediately, since they are not stored fresh for a long time, even in the refrigerator.
For long-term storage, it is necessary to freeze the berries in the freezer. To do this, they need to be sorted, washed, dried and put in special bags or containers, after which the berries are placed in the freezer and used as necessary. Frozen berries are used for compotes, fruit cocktails, fillings and decoration of confectionery.
Honeysuckle is resistant to frost and does not require special shelter in the winter, however, to prepare the plant for cold weather, you should take these steps:
- In the autumn, remove mulch and fallen leaves under the bush.
- Dig the soil in the near-stem circle to a depth of 15–20 cm and apply seasonal fertilizers.
- Thin branches are tied together to avoid damage from a lot of snow.
- As a protection against birds, cover the honeysuckle bushes with burlap.
Did you know? In total, there are about 250 species of honeysuckle in nature. In this case, the berries of most species are inedible, and some are even poisonous.
Titmouse honeysuckle can be propagated in the following ways:
- Cuttings. The stem from a young branch about 20 cm long needs to be dug at an angle of 45 °. If the soil is too dry, the cuttings must be left overnight in a container of water.
- Layering. The lower branch should be dug to the ground with a wire bracket and sprinkled with soil.
- The seeds. Dry seeds from selected fruits are planted in the fall in a vessel with sand, previously watered with water. Next, cover the vessel with a lid and place it on the lower shelf in the refrigerator. In spring, the seeds are planted in a box with fertile soil, covered with a film and placed in a dark place on the site.After emergence, the film is removed, and in September, young plants are transplanted into the open ground.
Diseases and Pests
Despite the high resistance of Sinichka to various diseases, she can still be affected by these of them:
- Powdery Mildew It is characterized by the appearance on the underside of white plaque leaves. To cure the honeysuckle, it is necessary to carry out its treatment with the drug "Topaz". To prevent the disease in early spring, a 5% urea solution must be poured into the honeysuckle root zone.
- Phytoviruses. The leaves are covered with light green spots, and along the central veins you can observe the appearance of small brown spots. The infected bush should be burned to prevent infection of other bushes. Prevention of this disease is the purchase of planting material in proven places and compliance with the rules for caring for Titmouse.
Video: treatment for diseases and pests
Among the pests can affect Titmouse honeysuckle:
- Aphid. Small insects of green and black color, which feed on leaf juice. To get rid of these pests, the honeysuckle bush should be treated with “Actellik”, “Aktara” or “Eleksar” preparations. Prevention of the appearance of aphids on Titmouse is spraying the plants with tinctures of tobacco, pepper or garlic.
- Honeysuckle tick. Small pests that feed on plant sap. Dark spots appear on the sheets, by the end of the summer they become brown and dry. To combat the tick, it is necessary to treat the bushes with a solution of the drug "Actellik" or "Rogor". Prevention of the appearance of this pest is the periodic thinning of the honeysuckle bush.
- Fingerfly. A caterpillar that feeds on the pulp of fruits and seeds. When this pest appears, unripe fruits darken, wrinkle and crumble. To combat the wingwing, it is recommended to use the Inta-Vir preparation, as well as water the plant with infusion of potato or tomato tops. Prevention is the observance of agricultural techniques for growing and watering bushes in the spring with hot water in order to destroy all the larvae.
The edible honeysuckle variety Sinichka is highly resistant to insect pests and diseases and is unpretentious in its care. Using in practice all the recommendations, you can grow Titmouse on your site and get a rich harvest of tasty and healthy berries.