Characteristics and features of growing Honeysuckle Honeysuckle
The variety of Edible Honeysuckle is quite new, but is already considered one of the best in the CIS. His description is really replete with many advantages. Below are the main characteristics of the culture and the rules for growing plants.
Honeysuckle Slastenu (second name - Sweet Tooth) was brought out by the originators of the Kamchatka Research Institute of Agriculture in 2004. After development, tests were carried out for 9 years. In 2013, the variety was added to the State Register of Breeding Achievements.
Did you know? Edible honeysuckle in nature does not grow much. Basically, this is an ornamental plant, sometimes with poisonous berries.
Slastona is a stunted shrub up to 1 m high. The crown is sprawling, rounded. Branches are strong, covered with brown bark, densely leafy. Leaves are bright green with pubescence. The berries are not very large, ripen with an average weight of 1.15 g. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical. The peel is bright blue, covered with a thick waxy coating. The pulp is moderately dense. The taste is sweet, aromatic.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Variety Slastena has a list of advantages, among which:
- high taste;
- compact bush;
- frost resistance;
- high productivity;
- resistance to diseases and pests;
- Cons gardeners call:
- exactingness to moisture;
- small fruit size.
Frost and drought resistance
Sugar is a hardy culture. The plant withstands frosts down to -45 ° C. Withstands drought, but short-lived. Honeysuckle refers to hygrophilous crops and responds well to watering.
To set the fruits of Honeysuckle Honeysuckle, it is necessary to plant pollinating bushes at a distance of 1-1.5 m.
For this role, varieties are best suited:
Early ripening dates. Fruits are poured from June 1 to June 20. From the bush you can remove up to 4 kg of fruits.
Preparing for landing, decide on the timing and prepare the site. It is also important to correctly choose planting material. The technology of direct planting is also important - the rate of rooting of the seedling depends on this.
The most acceptable time for planting seedlings is September. If the root system of the seedling is closed, planting is allowed from late April to early May.
Did you know? In some varieties of honeysuckle, the bark disappears and exposes the trunk. For this property they are popularly called "shameless."
Site selection, well preparation
Honeysuckle, although known for its unpretentiousness, prefers areas with certain characteristics.
It is better to choose the area:
- open to sunlight;
- with groundwater not exceeding 1.5 m above ground level;
- with loamy, sod-podzolic or chernozem soil types;
- with neutral soil acidity.
3 days before planting, dig a hole 0.4 m wide and deep. Mix 10 kg of humus, 300 g of ash, 100 g of double superphosphate and 30 g of potassium sulfate. Pour the resulting fertile mixture into the pit. Keep a distance of 1–1.5 m between the pits. The recommended spacing between rows is 3 m.Honeysuckle grows well in full sun, but can withstand partial shade.
Selection and preparation of planting material
In order for the plant to actively develop, you need to plant a healthy seedling.
Important! It is better to buy seedlings in specialized nurseries. Licensed institutions confirm the quality of planting material with certificates.
When buying, pay attention to the following characteristics of planting material:
- age 2 years;
- 2-3 stems about 0.4 m tall, not higher than 1.5 m;
- branches are even, integral;
- developed roots;
- there are green buds on the shoots.
Inspect the seedling before planting. Sick parts with rot or plaque, if any, need to be trimmed.
The scheme of planting seedlings is as follows:
- Place the seedling in the hole.
- Carefully spread the roots.
- Pour the soil into the pit so that the root neck is 5 cm deep in the ground.
- Pour the seedling.
- Mulch the trunk circle.
The culture is very unpretentious. Growing bushes is a snap. However, care of the plantings is required if the gardener wants to harvest a rich harvest.
Important! During weeding, it is advisable to loosen the bush. However, this should be done carefully, since the rhizome grows close to the surface of the earth.
The necessary measures include watering, top dressing, pruning and weeding:
|Watering||As the soil dries up during the entire growing season (from late April to early October). Don’t let the soil dry out - The sweet tooth loves moisture.|
|Top dressing||The first 2 years of top dressing is not necessary. The scheme for fertilizing a bush from the 3rd year of life can be this:|
|Pruning||In early April or mid-October, remove branches thickening the crown. These include dry, broken, and growing inward shoots.|
|Weeding||Remove weeds as they appear.|
Harvesting and storage
Honeysuckle is harvested as the fruit ripens. The ripeness is indicated by the softness of the berries. Shelf life - up to 3 days in a cool place, for example, in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator or in the cellar. In addition, the crop can be frozen.
Preparations for the winter
Honeysuckle is one of the most frost-resistant garden crops. Shelter is not necessary for the plant even in the northern latitudes. Before winter, it is enough to mulch the near-trunk circle with sawdust, fallen leaves or hay.
The plant can be propagated by layering, cuttings or dividing the bush:
|Layering||The top of the shoot is tilted to the ground, instilled and regularly watered. When the stem takes root, it is cut off from the mother bush and transplanted to a permanent place.|
|Cuttings||Part of a lignified or green shoot up to 30 cm long is cut from the bush. The cuttings are planted in a pot with soil and regularly watered. When a new plant takes root and leaves, it is planted in a permanent place.|
|Dividing the bush||The bush is dug up and divided into several smaller plants. Separate parts are seated at a sufficient distance from each other.|
Diseases and Pests
Variety Slasten is very resistant to diseases and parasites. For prevention, proper agricultural technology is enough. If desired, you can spray Actellik plantings in a concentration of 0.2% before the sap flow begins. So the gardener can be sure that the pests will not attack the bushes.
Unpretentious honeysuckle bush with very tasty and sweet fruits - this is how farmers describe Slastenka. It is easy to grow shrubs, and as a bonus, the gardener will receive a tasty and healthy crop.