Edible honeysuckle of Chulymskaya - main characteristics
Honeysuckle is a magnificent upright plant, which is ideal for landscaping a summer cottage, as well as for growing healthy fruits. Her berries ripen the very first, before strawberries, to taste like blueberries. For many gardeners, this culture remains a strange plant, despite the fact that it was known to European naturalists since the 16th century. The article will discuss such a plant variety as Chulymskaya.
Description of honeysuckle variety Chulymskaya
It is this variety that bears fruit with edible berries. If you evaluate the taste of fruits according to a five-point system, then according to the description of professionals in the field of tasting, Chulymskaya will receive a high mark - 4.8 points.
Chulymskaya variety was bred in the Tomsk region in the Bakcharsky stronghold of gardening in the 80s of the last century due to interspecific crossbreeding of cultivars. It is obtained on the basis of the most productive Altai and Kamchatka varieties. Since this honeysuckle was bred taking into account the snowy winters of the Urals, the frost resistance of the variety is quite high.
Did you know? In the folklore of the native Siberians, healing berries of honeysuckle were often mentioned. The Kuril people (Ainu) considered them the "elixir of life."
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
The perennial shrub is self-pollinated, bisexual, medium-sized, grows up to 1.3 m in height. Suitable for group landings. The variety has an average berry ripening period. On a branch they hold tight, do not crumble. The berries are elongated, of an unusual conical shape, slightly flattened, with a pointed tip, they are distinguished by the bright purple color of the peel. Their taste is sweet and sour. Productivity can be up to 4.5 kg per bush. The mass of berries is from 1.2 to 1.6 grams.
Resistance to frost is high, since Chulymskaya honeysuckle was hatched taking into account the snowy winters of the Ural region. The variety is a good pollinator. Its diseases are extremely rare, it is resistant to pests.
Studies of the chemical composition of honeysuckle berries showed an extremely high content of vitamin C. Also, the fruits contain high levels of both common phenolic and anthocyanin compounds, which contribute to maintaining health. Berries are rich in vitamins A, B1, B2. They contain such macroelements: calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus.In 100 g of honeysuckle fruits, there is half the required daily intake of iron. The calorie content of the product is low: 41.2 kcal per a given portion of berries.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The main advantage of the Chulymskaya honeysuckle variety is the suitability of the berries for consumption. According to gardeners, the variety has many advantages:
- lack of crumbling;
- high productivity;
- high tasting assessment of taste;
- resistance to spring frost;
- does not need frequent pruning;
- drought tolerance;
- easily tolerates winter without shelter;
- obtaining high-quality preparations - stewed fruit, syrups, preserves, jams;
- does not require digging and loosening;
- resistance to diseases and pests;
- ease of care.
- The variety has very few flaws. These include:
- the need to choose the right place for landing;
- the difficulty of propagating by seed;
- exactingness to soil moisture.
Agrotechnical measures include the optimal choice of places for planting a bush, observing the rules of planting (soil preparation), and caring for the plant. If the honeysuckle is provided with favorable conditions for development, it will reward the owners with a generous harvest.
Did you know? In the West, honeysuckle is called the “Russian miracle” or “the phenomenon of the 21st century”.For its medicinal properties it is considered the “berry of pensioners”, since the fruits of the culture perfectly strengthen the capillaries.
The plant can be planted on almost all types of soils that are well-drained. However, sandy and clay soils will not fit the plant. Honeysuckle does not like high groundwater. Honeysuckle prefers to grow in sunny areas, tolerates a small shadow.
In completely shaded areas, flowering will be weak, and the fruiting process will slow down. The shoots will reach for the sun, which will lead to the need for frequent pruning. If possible, the place should be calm, to avoid falling flowers and ovaries. The soil should be loose and fertile.
Honeysuckle grows well in soils with neutral acidity - pH between 6.1 and 7.8.
Landing and care
Honeysuckle seedlings purchased in containers are planted in spring or autumn. Plants with an open root system are preferably planted in April.
Important! When planting several bushes of honeysuckle, it is necessary to maintain a distance of 1.2 between them–1.4 m, since the plant grows in one place without transplanting for 25 years or more, moreover, it has the ability to grow.
- The root system of the honeysuckle does not grow deep, so for planting it will be enough to dig a hole of about 50 × 50 cm.
- Fill the landing pit with compost. If it is not enough, you can put dried up thick branches on the bottom. Fill fertile soil from above to fill the voids. Then lay the organics: grass, food waste, torn paper or cut cardboard. To activate the processing process, add 2-3 handfuls of bokashi (mixture-catalyst, which can quickly turn organic substances into high-quality fertilizer). Again, fill with fertile soil to the middle of the hole. While the roots of the plant grow well, you get excellent compost. Tamp this layer.
- Pour 2 buckets of water with dissolved Fitosporin (dosage according to instructions) to protect against fungal diseases. Allow water to soak completely.
- Soak the seedling before planting for a couple of hours in warm water.
- Set a two-three-year-old seedling, cover it with soil so that 5–7 cm remains to the surface of the soil. Tamp.
- Slowly pour 1 bucket of water.
- Mulch the soil with fallen leaves, ash, small coniferous sawdust, peat. Such mulching will help solve the problem with the appearance of weeds, will serve as additional nutrition, retain moisture. The mulching layer should be about 8-10 cm.
If over time the soil layer is very compacted under the mulch, you can use a pitchfork to pierce and loosen the soil to let the air in and let the organics penetrate well.
Important! Honeysuckle cannot be loosened with a hoe due to the surface root system of the plant.
The honeysuckle will not need to be fed with minerals for the first 5 years. It will be enough to regularly mulch the soil and make bokashi. The culture responds well to the application of ash. An ash solution is poured on top of the mulch: 500 g of ash are taken per 1 bucket of water.
The first flowers on the honeysuckle plant are best removed to give it a good root. In October, be sure to place half a bucket of compost or rotted manure under each honeysuckle bush.
To obtain a good harvest, at least 3 different varieties of honeysuckle should be planted nearby. The reason for this is the cross-pollination method, therefore it is advised to plant bushes not in a row, like currant or raspberry, but in groups.
To have many ovaries, pollinators are attracted to the garden. The best representatives are bumblebees. To attract them, you need to spray the bushes with a sweet solution before flowering: 2 tbsp.tablespoons of sugar or honey in 10 liters of water.
Pest and Disease Control
Birds really like delicious honeysuckle berries, so you need to cover the bushes with a protective net or set traps. For the prevention of diseases, Chulymskaya bushes can be sprayed with Baikal, Fitosporin, Trichodermin once a week to protect the plant from the appearance of powdery mildew and mold, it is necessary to ensure sufficient air movement around the bushes.
Cereal-honeysuckle or red-gall aphids in rare cases can affect shrubs of the crop. Bushes are treated with acaricides - “Omayt”, “Confidor.” “Actellik” is used when willow or acacia scale appears.
Cropping and shaping the crown
Honeysuckle need to be trimmed no earlier than 3 years after planting. Usually it is carried out after flowering, which lasts from April to June. You can also do pruning from late February to early March.
Any pruning during flowering is not recommended. The tips of the shoots are not removed, because the crop is only at young growths. In spring, old, broken branches are cut, shoots growing inside the bush - entirely from the base. Slices are made at an angle of 45 °. The thickened middle of the bush should not be allowed, as air circulation will be disturbed there.
Sanitary thinning of the plant is carried out 1 time in 3 years.On flowering shrubs after vegetation, 1/5 to 1/3 of the old shoots are cut to the base in order to stimulate new shoot growth, correct uncontrolled growth and get a well-groomed plant crown.
Preparing for the winter
The honeysuckle variety Chulymskaya perfectly tolerates winter frosts down to –45 ° C without shelter. Even if the tips of the shoots freeze slightly in winter, in the spring they will quickly recover. The only condition for a successful wintering is the introduction of a sufficient layer of mulch under each bush.
Harvesting and transportation of the crop, shelf life of berries
Chulymskaya honeysuckle berries are harvested by hand, they do not peel on their own. Even if any fruits fall, then, having lain on the ground for a week, they will not decay and will not deteriorate. Fresh berries of this variety lie 7-10 days in the refrigerator.
They are frozen, dried, ground with sugar. The variety is highly transportable. A taiga edible crop, the Chulymskaya honeysuckle, will take root in every garden without problems due to its unpretentiousness and ease of care.