Blackcurrant Riddle - the main characteristics of the variety
Currant shrub attracts attention with the amount of nutrients in the berries and in the leaves of the plant. Recently, breeders are breeding more and more varieties of culture that are striking in their qualities. Remontant species are able to adapt to various weather conditions, but the most important thing in them is large berries and abundant fruiting. The leading position is held by a variety called Riddle.
Description of blackcurrant variety Riddle
According to gardeners, this type of blackcurrant brings a large amount of yield. The ripening period is medium early. It is recommended for cultivation in the regions of Russia and the CIS. Bushes Riddles are compact, medium in size. Branches are sprawling and dense.
The shoots that appear on the bush are quite thick. Crown them with five-lobed sheets of a reddish hue of medium size. Brushes on average reach 5 cm and consist of 7 berries. The average weight of the fetus is 1.2 g.
According to their taste characteristics, the berries are sweet and sour, with a dense skin, black with yellow dots. Many note a very pleasant aroma. One bush can produce about 3 kg of fruit per season. Most of all they are valued for their high commercial qualities.
This variety appeared as a result of crossing the rivals and Nina. He was bred at the Moscow University of Horticulture VSTISP in 1957 by breeder V. Litvinova. The first mention of outdoor cultivation dates back to 1986. Since 1977, a representative of this species is listed in the state register. Scientists attribute it to hybrids.
Did you know? Currants do not grow on only two continents - Antarctica and Australia.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
Gardeners love the described variety for their great taste and large berries. It is grown both for personal needs and for sale. The bush reaches a height of 1.5 m. The shoots are slightly lowered, they are yellowish-gray in color, but turn brown until the fall. Leaves alternate, petiolate. They have 3, 5 blades. Naked above, and yellowish grooves on the veins below. Width reaches 12 cm. Flowers are lilac or pinkish-gray in color, collected in brushes of 5-10 pieces. Flowering occurs in May - June.
Important! To increase productivity and improve taste, it is worth immediately planting several varieties of black currant on the site.
Berries have a rounded shape, black or dark purple color. Their diameter is 7–10 mm. Ripening occurs in July - August, it all depends on the place of growth. In the currant described, you can find vitamins, pectin, sugars, calcium, phosphorus and iron salts, phosphoric acid, essential oils. In addition, there are copper, magnesium, silver and volatile.
Berries have a universal purpose. The variety is self-fertile, winter-hardy. The presence of nutrients in the composition makes currants indispensable not only in cooking, but also in the treatment of many diseases. High resistance of the variety to pests and other diseases is also noted. Due to the high yield from one bush, you can collect up to 3 kg of fruits.
It has been proven that regular eating of berries can protect against Alzheimer's disease and diabetes. In folk medicine, currants are often included in the remedies for atherosclerosis, for the treatment of kidneys and respiratory tract.
Did you know? To meet the daily requirement of the body for vitamin C, you need to eat 20 daily–25 berries of currant.
Advantages and disadvantages
The hybrid in question has a large number of advantages, but there are some negative features that are worth knowing.
- Large fruited
- Winter hardy
- Resistant to damage by certain diseases and pests
- Exacting care
- Periodic removal of peripheral shoots
- Terry instability
It must be remembered that there are no ideal varieties. After weighing all the shortcomings and advantages, you can make the right decision. In addition to familiarizing yourself with the description of the variety, you need to read the reviews of gardeners who cultivated Riddles. They can give practical advice on growing plants in your latitudes.
The result of the efforts of any gardener is to obtain a large crop. To get it, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules and recommendations for growing crops. It is necessary to take into account the features of the soil, climate, temperature drops and so on.
Important! Planting seedlings should be carried out only after the air temperature is established in the region of +10 ...+15 ° C. The return of the threat of frost can simply destroy the planting material.
Seat selection and landing
Currants are classified as heat-loving plants, so the place for it should be not only well-lit, but also protected from the winds. If there is little light, then the fruits may become smaller in size and be less sweet.
Blackcurrant prefers not acidic, but more neutral soils.
Since the root system of the plant is quite well developed and has strong roots, it is worth digging a hole for planting approximately 50 × 50 × 50 cm. It is advisable that about 1-2 weeks pass before planting. Pour half a bucket of water into the sapling a couple of hours before placing it in the recess of the seedling and wait until it soaks.
Did you know? In the flora there are about 150 varieties of currants. Mostly the most common — black, red and white.
The plant is placed at an angle of 45 °. It is important that the seedling be sunk 4 cm deeper than before in the queen cell. After such a planting, root growth is stimulated and the plant takes root better. After planting, the shoot should be cut off, leaving 3 buds above the ground.
Propagation of the Riddle variety is most often carried out vegetatively.
It can be carried out in the following ways:
- cuttings. This will require branches 25 cm long from one-year shoots;
- green shoots. A shoot of 15 cm is cut from a young branch;
- layering. Sprouts of the mother bush, which are no more than 3 years old, are suitable.
Watering is carried out regularly, 1/2 bucket under each bush. To retain moisture in the soil for longer, you can mulch the soil.
Straw, mowed grass or peat are perfect for this. Since the described plant is hygrophilous, it is necessary to ensure a constant flow of water to the roots.
Its root system is located in the upper soil layer at a depth of 20 cm. When fluid stagnates, putrefactive root processes can occur, which will subsequently lead to the likelihood of the development of the disease and death of the bush.
In early June, the amount of water should be sufficient, as there is an active formation of ovaries.
Further, during the ripening period and even after harvesting, one should not stop watering, since the plant should stock up with liquid for normal wintering.
In October, late watering is carried out with a calculation of 20-30 liters per bush.
An important role is played by feeding.
During the season, 3 procedures are necessary:
- in March: 30 g of ammonium nitrate, 20 g of urea, 1:12 chicken droppings or 1:16 mullein in a proportion of 1.5 buckets per bush;
- after active flowering use liquid top dressing: 5–7 g of potassium fertilizer, 10–15 g of superphosphate and organics per bucket of water;
- after picking berries: 1 tbsp. l nitroammophoski or other complex fertilizer per 10 liters of water.
Fertilizing during all periods of currant development is important, as it prevents not only soil depletion, but also a decrease in plant survivability.
Important! The selection of complex fertilizers should occur relative to the composition of the soil. Excess mineral components can also adversely affect the plant.
Pest and Disease Control
Repairing varieties of currants, including the Riddle, are quite resistant to damage by certain diseases and pests. With proper observance of all the requirements of agricultural technology, the possibility of a disease is practically eliminated.
There are some tips that will lower your risk of infection:
- thinning shoots;
- elimination of thickening;
- pruning and burning of damaged areas of the plant;
- digging aisles;
- the use of chemical protective equipment.
The Riddle variety is resistant to such pests and diseases:
Attacks of beetles and other insects significantly inhibit the development of currants. The number of fruits, their size, quality is noticeably reduced. Aphids and powdery mildew are most harmful.
The bushes must be carefully inspected from time to time and if any diseases or bugs are detected, take quick action: the diseased and damaged shoots are removed. Before the start of the growing season, you need to treat it with Bordeaux liquid - this way you will reduce the risk of damage to the bushes.
Did you know? Currant helps to remove harmful substances and radionuclides from the body. It is advised to include it in the menu for those who deal with harmful substances.
Trimming and shaping a bush
Trimming the bush is done to eliminate damaged, dried and unnecessary branches. If you do not carry out such manipulations, then the plant will spend its energy on unnecessary processes. The largest number of ovaries is formed on last year's branches of four- or five-year-old shoots.
The processes that are more than 6 years old, it is desirable to remove. If thinning and bush formation are systematically carried out, fruiting can last about 15 years.
Trimming is carried out:
- the main - in the fall after leaf fall;
- shortening of shoots that were frozen, injured or dead - in the spring until the buds open;
- pinching the tips of young shoots (stimulates their tillering) - in the summer.
Fig. 1. Currant pruning: a - annual seedling; b - a biennial bush; c, d - shortening of shoots. Fig. 2. Currant bush before anti-aging pruning (a), after it (b) and pruning of a neglected bush (c).
Such manipulations will help to maintain the strength of the plant for abundant fruiting and ripening of the crop. The formation of the bush will also greatly ennoble the appearance of the plant and make it more accurate.
Preparing for the winter
In the description of the Riddle variety, it is indicated that it can easily tolerate a decrease in temperature to –26 ° C. But experienced gardeners recommend wrapping up for the winter.
Important! Shelter shoots will help prevent freezing of the buds and contributes to the normal restoration of the plant in early spring.
It is necessary to cover with covering material in late October or early November:
- Pre-trim and fertilize each bush.
- The branches need to be grouped in 3-5 pieces and bent to the ground.
- Top can be crushed by bricks or boards.
If the temperature drops to –35 ° C, it will be advisable to bury the shoots. Do not cover them with metal sheets on top, as they have a sufficiently high thermal conductivity. The branches will be covered with ice crust, which will prevent the penetration of oxygen into the middle. If there is a chance of frost returning in spring, then you can cover it with cloth or large paper bags.
Harvesting and transportation of crops
According to the characteristics that are attached to the explanation for this variety, it is indicated that the berries perfectly tolerate transportation.The degree of maturity is determined by color: black indicates full ripening of the fetus.
It is advisable to carry out the collection in dry weather - this way you will increase the duration of storage. In the refrigerator, they can spend 5-7 days. You can increase the duration when picking berries not separately, but in clusters.
To currant delight you with the harvest and the quality of the fruit, you must listen to the above tips. They are quite simple, but guarantee a positive result.