Honeysuckle decorative Maak
Edible honeysuckle is very popular among gardeners due to its beneficial fruits. Despite this, the decorative look, which will give an aesthetic pleasure from the contemplation of this plant, is not inferior to it. Maak’s honeysuckle can fascinate anyone with its fragrant snow-white flowers. About this type in more detail - later in the article.
Description of the type of decorative honeysuckle Maak
Honeysuckle Maak refers to tall varieties of honeysuckle. This species is native to Asia, grows in the north of China, in Korea and Japan, and also covers the Russian Far East.
From an etymological point of view, this decorative variety of honeysuckle can be represented in three options:
- honeysuckle maak;
- shrub honeysuckle;
- Amur honeysuckle.
Honeysuckle Maak (Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Maxim.) Was named after a 19th-century Russian naturalist, as well as Richard Karlovich Maak (1825–1886), a researcher of the Far East and Siberia. Richard Maak as a senior teacher at the Irkutsk Men's Gymnasium organized various expeditions in 1853–1860. in the Amur region, Vilyui district, the valley of the river. Ussuri.
Amur honeysuckle (Eng. Amur honeysuckle) received this name due to the fact that its first samples were collected on the left bank of the Amur River, in the Bureya Mountains. In 1860, Richard Maak transferred the seeds of shrubby honeysuckle to the Imperial St. Petersburg Botanical Garden, due to which the plant subsequently gained worldwide fame.
Appearance, characteristics of bushes, decorativeness
Amur honeysuckle cannot be confused with its relatives due to its unique appearance.
Did you know? In nature, the fruits of this species may have not red, but orange color. And to distinguish edible fruits of honeysuckle from inedible fruits is quite easy: black and blue berries can be eaten, but red and orange — poisonous.
The plant can be identified thanks to this description:
- The apical buds of the plant are mostly paired. Peduncles - 3-10 mm in length, corollas are white or yellowish in color, the cup has a bell and jagged shape.
- Honeysuckle leaf usually has an ellipsoidal shape. Length - 4–9 cm, width - 2–5 cm. At the base, leaflets narrowed. They are characterized by a dark green color above and light below. Their appearance has a hairy structure along the veins.
- Paired white flowers grow up to 3 cm in length, have a pleasant aroma. The fused bracts are awl-shaped. Corollas are white in color, and during flowering they turn yellow.
- Typically, Maak’s honeysuckle has dark red fruits up to 6 mm in diameter. Seeds of this variety are flat ellipsoidal in brown. Berries are considered inedible.
- In nature, a wide shrub reaches 6 m in height, in cultural cultivation - up to 5 m. It has a wide stem and powerful skeletal branches, covered with a bark of a light gray hue. Young thick shoots are slightly lowered, brown. The wide crown of the bush is almost equal to its height.
- The plant has a beautiful weaving, with a decorative purpose its cultural forms were created. For example, the form of Erubescens has a delicate pink bloom, and Podocarpa is characterized by its small height, but considerable width, this species during the active phase of flowering covers the whole bush with snow-white flowers.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Like every cultivated plant, Maak honeysuckle has its advantages and disadvantages.
- Among the advantages of this type are the following:
- longevity (25-50 years);
- long flowering (25-30 days);
- aesthetic appearance and aroma;
- frost resistance.
- This variety has disadvantages:
- inedible fruits;
- susceptibility to diseases and parasites.
Amur honeysuckle has its own characteristics in planting and care. This variety needs the right choice of place, watering, fertilizing, combating diseases and pests, pruning and shaping the crown, as well as preparing for wintering.
Important! For this species, moderately moist and organically rich soil should be chosen.
This variety feels most comfortable in regions with cool summers. In addition, it is resistant to cold. But at the same time, darkened places do not have a negative effect on growth, flowering or fruiting.
When choosing a place, you should give preference to places protected from the wind with good lighting, since this plant is photophilous.
Thus, the plant can be considered unpretentious, since it is shade-tolerant, drought-resistant and frost-resistant.
Landing and care
Maak’s honeysuckle can be planted both in spring and autumn, but planting in late autumn is recommended. The optimal distance between shrubs is 1.5–2.5 m. The peculiarity of planting is that after the subsidence of the soil the root neck of the plant should be at the level of the soil. You should also pay attention to the need for supports for vines.
The characteristics of the soil mixture are: turf, sand and humus in a ratio of 3: 1: 1. During planting, 50 g of potassium salt, 50–80 g of superphosphate, as well as 6–7 kg of manure are added to the bush pit.
Important! Soil acidity (pH) should be between 7 and 8.5.
Three liquid top dressings are performed before flowering (10–20 g nitroammophoski per 10 l of water). In addition, additional feeding is necessary (30 g of urea per 10 liters of water). For 1 bush, 1.5 l of such top dressing is enough. Another 100-200 g of wood ash should be applied in the fall.
Watering is carried out 8-10 times per season, 2 buckets of water per bush. The plant requires regular watering in the southern regions, while in other climatic zones there will be enough rain watering. During the first year, the young plant needs intensive watering, which is subsequently reduced to 1 bucket of water per bush. During a drought, additional watering is needed.
Video: Honeysuckle Landing
Pest and Disease Control
Honeysuckle Maak is susceptible to various ailments. Among the most common problems of this type can be identified such diseases and parasites:
- powdery mildew;
- the death of branches and leaves.
To fight with powdery mildew follows the method of destroying fallen leaves and diseased branches. To prevent this fungus, it is necessary to spray the plant with sulfur-containing agents. To deal with leaf dying problem and branches, you need to destroy the affected foliage and trim dry branches. Every year, the bush should be sprayed with a Bordeaux mixture.
When a plant is aphid it is necessary to spray damaged areas with a special mixture (100 g of soap solution in 10 l of water). In the fight against cercosporosis it is necessary to trim bushes in a timely manner, eliminate fallen leaves, especially infected ones. Before flowering, the plant should be sprayed with Bordeaux liquid, and also regularly feed shrubs with mineral fertilizers.
Cropping and shaping the crown
In winter or spring, a sanitary haircut, pruning of bushes should be carried out. The formation of the crown is preferably carried out in early spring. During this period, old and weak branches are removed, dry branches are necessarily cut.
Rejuvenation of the bush is carried out by cutting branches from the central part of the bush above the base. It is advisable to cut the shoots to half their length (after flowering). The plant as a whole tolerates the process of crown formation and pruning.
If necessary, thinning of the crown is carried out: for this purpose, you need to cut the top and stem part to the leafy part of the main shoot.
Honeysuckle Maak is used as an ornamental plant in landscape design. Due to its rapid growth, it forms a dense, dense fence.It can serve as decoration of parks and gardens as a hedge.
Did you know? One of the most famous types of honeysuckle with inedible fruits is wolf berries.
Landscape designers prefer this variety in landscaping alleys, courtyards, boulevards due to its resistance to both urban and suburban conditions. Often this variety can be found in botanical gardens. The plant is often planted nearby apiaries, because fragrant flowers are very attractive to bees.
The Amur variety of the honeysuckle family tolerates wintering and does not require preparation, except for phosphorus-potassium top dressing. Due to its frost resistance, it is very much appreciated by gardeners.
Thus, Maak’s honeysuckle is a universal decorative shrub plant that fits perfectly into any landscape design and is notable for its unpretentiousness in choosing a place, planting and care.