Popular varieties of currant for the Urals
Currant is a vitamin product that can be consumed both raw and ready-made. It is important to choose the right variety for your area. In this article you will learn about varieties of currants that are suitable for the Ural region.
The best varieties of currants
Gardeners are always trying to choose the best varieties for their garden that will delight the eye with their large fruits. The taste qualities of the berries are also important. Blackcurrant for the Urals must withstand severe frosts, as well as summer drought, which may be there.
Did you know? Daily use of currant berries can replace the intake of vitamin C. 50 g of fruit contains the daily norm of vitamin.
Blackcurrant contains more vitamin C in its composition than red and white.
Traditional black currant, which is perfect for the Urals:
- Dubrovskaya. The average weight of the fruits reaches 1.5 g. The berries are universal in use, from which you can make jam, compotes, eat raw. Quite transportable variety, keeping berries at the highest level. The bush is not tall, but thick enough. Although the berries are small, but from one bush with sufficient care, you can collect 3.5 kg of the crop. It has an early ripening period.
- Raisin. Berries weighing no more than 3 g. Yield slightly exceeds 3 kg. The leaves of this currant can also be used for making tea or preserving. It has high performance and is a transportable variety. It easily withstands frosts down to -35 ° С. It ripens early, already at the end of June you can try its fruits.
- Katyusha. It begins to ripen towards the end of July. Quite a prolific variety, from the bush manages to collect up to 4 kg of berries. The skin of the fruit is dense, this makes it possible to store them after collection. Often affected by a kidney tick. After ripening, the fruits do not fall from the brush.
With large fruits
Large-fruited blackcurrant varieties:
- Venus. It is famous for its large fruits up to 6 g and its resistance to pests. Venus is a drought tolerant variety so that if it is a hot summer, it will still please the harvest. The skin of the berries is rather thin, the pulp is tender and dense. Treat the early varieties. Also tolerates severe frosts without additional shelters.
- Atlant. The weight of the berries varies from 3 to 6 g. The taste of the fruits of this variety is sweet and sour. The pulp is dense, which allows gardeners to easily transport crops over long distances. It ripens late in early August. Resistant to drought.
- Lazy person. The bush of this variety is quite large with sprawling branches. Berries are intended for desserts, that is, they are suitable for making jam or jam. Fruits reach up to 6 g. Despite the large number of branches on the bush, it is resistant to fungal diseases.
- Oryol Waltz. Berries before 5 g. It begins to ripen around mid-August. It gives large yields, from one bush it is possible to collect up to 2 kg. Resistant to currant terry, but often affected by a currant tick.
Did you know? Blackcurrant is able to remove toxic substances from the human body, including radiation, since it contains pectin and a large amount of vitamin C.
Large berries do not always taste great, here are some varieties that are sweet and tasty:
- Summer resident. It is resistant to severe frosts and calmly tolerates drought in the summer. On average, fruit weighs 3.7 g. With proper care, it yields high yield indicators. It has an early ripening period. After harvest, the berries remain dry, which makes this variety transportable.
- Dobrynya. Although the fruits are very small, but quite sweet. Shrubs are small in size, but with thick and powerful branches. The variety is not famous for high yield indicators, but with good care from one bush you can collect a little more than 1 kg of fruit.
- Pygmy. A fairly productive variety, about 20 berries are formed per 1 brush. Also, blackcurrant of this variety is resistant to powdery mildew and anthracnose. Withstands severe frost and drought. It does not require special care.
Also, breeders do not stop and grow new varieties for the Urals:
- Rainbow. The currant bush is erect and tall, but not too thick. Not amenable to fungal diseases. The berries are not very large weighing up to 3 g. The pulp is dense and juicy, the skin is thin. On the bush, the berries ripen at the same time, do not crumble. Pretty easy to carry.
- Gross. A new species among giants, berries weighing up to 7 g. The shrub is large and sprawling. The fruits are dense, do not flow after assembly, can be stored for a long time. One bush brings up to 4 kg of fruit.
- Gulliver. Matures early. It has powerful, sprawling branches. On one brush there can be up to 17 berries. Fruits weigh about 3 g. Productivity reaches 3 kg, and with good care it can be even more. Does not suffer from powdery mildew, and is also rarely affected by a tick.
Varieties of red currants suitable for the Urals:
- Ural pink. This variety has a soft pink flesh, it is quite dense. Fruit weight up to 1.2 g. High-yielding variety, one bush brings up to 11 kg of berries. The shrub grows tall and straight, not dense, due to this it is rarely affected by fungal diseases. Fruits are for dessert use. Poorly withstand transportation.
- Dutch pink. The shrub reaches a height of 1.3 m. With proper and conscientious care, it turns out to collect up to 8 kg of fruits from the bush. Withstands severe frosts and is not amenable to disease. Berries perfectly tolerate transportation. But they are not intended for cooking, as they lose their appearance when exposed to temperature.
- Yonker van Tets. This variety ripens no earlier than mid-July. It has a round crown, branches near the bush are powerful. The variety was obtained thanks to Dutch breeders. Rarely anthracnose.
White currant for the Urals:
- Ural white. The fruits are large, and their flesh is quite dense and juicy. One shrub on average brings up to 5 kg of berries. The fruits begin to sing closer to mid-July. It is rarely sick and infected with various pests. It is characterized by excellent winter hardiness.
- Versailles. The variety was obtained thanks to the French breeder. It is the most vitamin berry, as it contains a large amount of vitamin C. The fruits are large, juicy. Productivity 3 kg from 1 shrub. It is resistant to many diseases, including anthracnose.
- Dutch white. With good care, the yield will reach 9 kg per shrub. Sufficiently frost-resistant variety, withstands severe frosts of the Urals. Berries are suitable for transportation. Often affected by anthracnosis.
Currants should be planted in open areas so that it is well lit by the sun. It is advisable not to plant shrubs under large trees that will create shade.
When planting currants, distances should be observed, the distance between shrubs should be at least 1 m, and between rows 2 m. Such distances will greatly facilitate harvesting, and moisture will not stagnate and this will prevent the development of fungal diseases. The pit for the currant bush should be about 50 cm deep.
Important! Watering the seedlings should be exclusively warm, protected water.
The place should be prepared in advance. A couple of months before planting, you should dig the soil and make ash, it will help reduce the acidity of the soil. Compost is also recommended, 1 bucket per 1 m². Add potassium salt of 50 g per 1 bush. It is worth paying attention to seedlings, they should reach 50 cm from the root. And also there should not be young shoots. Plants are best taken from experienced gardeners.
Landing is carried out when the air temperature does not fall below + 10 ° C.
Currant care in the Urals
When growing currants, care should be taken of trellises, on which large branches of shrubs will need to be tied. Tying will allow branches to not be brittle, and the crop will not be near the ground.
Watering should be regular, 2 times in 7 days, 1 bucket of water should be applied under 1 bush. If it is very hot in summer, then moisture should be applied 3 times a week. After that, the soil should be loosened so that the moisture dries evenly and does not stagnate.
Important! Loosening should not be carried out deeply, since this can damage the root system, especially in young seedlings.
Fig. 1. Currant pruning: a - annual seedling; b - a biennial bush; c, d - shortening of shoots. Fig. 2. Currant bush before anti-aging pruning (a), after it (b) and pruning of a neglected bush (c).
Soil mulching should be carried out every fall, this procedure will save shrubs and prevent the root system from freezing if there are severe frosts. In severe frosts, the currant should be covered with agrofibre, which will allow you to keep warm, but the plant will not die.
Currants are easy to care for, they are not picky in their care. The main thing when planting is to pay attention directly to the seedlings themselves, so that they are healthy and strong. And before buying a plant, it will not be superfluous to study the features of a particular type of currant.