Currant white Bayana - the main characteristics of the variety
White currant is one of the exotic varieties of culture with an unusual, slightly tart, fruit flavor. Due to its high palatability, it is becoming increasingly popular, but in order to get the maximum yield, it is worth choosing the appropriate variety. This article will discuss the cultivation of bushes of Bayan currant, the appearance and features of cultivation of which will not leave indifferent any gardener. Why this “white” variety is remarkable and how to organize proper care for it is discussed further in the review.
Description of white currant Bayan variety
Bayan currant belongs to the group of late-ripening varieties of universal purpose that tolerate winter temperature drops and do not require increased attention on hot summer days (especially when grown in temperate regions).
Did you know? Whitecurrant contains oxycoumarins - substances that help reduce blood clotting, so berries are recommended for people with an increased risk of blood clots in their vessels.
In addition, when applying minimal preventive measures, you should not worry about the possible damage to the bushes with powdery mildew or other fungal ailments, because the variety is characterized by increased resistance to various adverse environmental factors.
A new variety of unusual white currant was obtained within the walls of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Fruit and Vegetable Breeding (Oryol Oblast, Russia), and the author of the development is Boyanova L.V., in whose honor he received his name. The plant entered the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation in 2007 and has since been recommended for cultivation on the territory of the Central Black Earth Region.However, in practice, the culture is planted almost everywhere, and if significant temperature drops are observed in winter, then the plants are covered with artificial or natural materials in the form of spruce branches, which allows it to safely survive the winter cold.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
Bushes of the variety of white currant Bayan are medium-sized, slightly spreading plants, with straight and thick shoots of green-raspberry color. Leaf plates are light green, medium in size, with a slightly pubescent matte and leathery surface. There are blunt, short teeth along the edge of the sheet. The base of the plate is straight, and it itself consists of five blades, with small cutouts.
During the flowering period of currants, many pale flowers appear on the shoots. Fruits are rounded. The average weight is about 0.5 g of each berry. Their surface is covered with a thin creamy skin, under which is hidden sweet and sour flesh, with a light currant aroma.
The chemical composition of the fruit includes:
- sugar - 7.1%;
- acids - 1.7%;
- vitamin C - 40.0 mg.
Do not forget about the large number of other vitamins and minerals, pectin and P-active substances, which, with moderate use of currants, also have a positive effect on the human body.With properly organized care from one bush of the Bayan variety, you can collect up to 2.5 kg of berries, which, when grown industrially, corresponds to about 21.2 c per 1 ha. The possibility of universal use of berries makes them suitable for fresh consumption, as well as for processing on all kinds of preserves, jams, jams or compotes.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Like other varieties of currant, the described Bayan has its advantages and disadvantages, which should definitely be considered even before planting the plant on the site.
- The list of indisputable advantages should include the following:
- good winter hardiness;
- relatively high productivity;
- excellent resistance to powdery mildew and some other fungal ailments;
- good dessert taste of fruits;
- low tendency to showy flowers and berries;
- the possibility of universal use of fruits.
- Of the minuses of growing Bayan currants, the most noticeable are:
- the need for shelter in the winter, especially when grown in the northern regions of the Russian Federation;
- increased need for pruning, due to the rapid growth of shoots;
- mandatory control of moisture in the soil (in order for the berries to be juicy and fleshy, the bush should receive a sufficient amount of liquid).
Properly organized agricultural technology for growing Bayan currant is the basis for obtaining a rich harvest of berries, therefore, preparation and planting activities themselves, as well as individual stages of further care for the bushes deserve special attention.
Seat selection and landing
Unlike many other varieties of white currant, Bayan is not distinguished by increased demands on growing conditions, however, for better development of the bush, you should choose only well-lit and heated areas of the territory. The composition of the soil in the chosen place can be any (loamy or sandy loamy), but to obtain truly abundant crops, it is better to fertilize depleted soils, introducing 6–10 kg of humus per 1 m² of land from digging in the fall.
Important! Waterlogging is as undesirable as a prolonged drought, so any irrigation should be carried out taking into account weather conditions: if heavy rainfall was observed a week ago, then it is worthwhile to wait a while with artificial watering of the stands.
In addition to organic chemistry, complex mineral fertilizers or 100–200 g of superphosphate can be used in the same area. The optimal scheme for planting the Bayan variety is 1.5 × 2 m, which will allow unhindered access to the bushes when servicing plants and collecting ripened fruits.
The planting process itself is uncomplicated and consists of several sequential actions:
- Organization of planting holes in the intended place (depth - 40 cm, diameter - 50 cm, although this value can vary depending on the size of the rhizome).
- Layout of the drainage layer and nutrient soil (the soil layer should include 5-6 kg of humus or rotted manure, 20 g of superphosphate fertilizer, 15-20 g of urea and 200 g of wood ash).
- Placement of a seedling on an organized hill and careful planting of the root system of the plant with soil.
Important! Saplings of a white variety of currant are planted 5-7 cm deeper than they grew in the container, be sure to place the stem of the plant under a slight slope (not more than 5 degrees).
Care for Bayan currants consists of all the same actions as when growing other varieties of culture: watering, fertilizing, loosening and mulching the soil.
Watering.When grown in the middle lane, currants may have enough natural rainfall. To determine the need for regular hydration, it is worth assessing the condition of the upper soil layer (if the earth crumbles in your hands and does not shrink in one, it is time to complete the procedure).The plantations deserve special attention during flowering and the formation of berries, which, with insufficient watering, will be small and acidic. On average, per 1 m², should be spent at least 20-30 liters. To preserve moisture in the soil for a long time, it is useful to mulch the near-stem zone with peat or wood sawdust (the thickness of the shelter should not exceed 5–7 cm).
Top dressing. Depending on the condition of the soil and the development of the plant itself, the composition and plan of fertilizing may vary. The first time the currant is fertilized no earlier than 2-3 years after planting a seedling on the site (subject to the laying of nutrient mixtures during planting). In the spring, the best fertilizer for the crop will be a nitrogen-containing composition in the form of urea (10-15 g per m²). At the beginning of summer, you can supplement it with organic substances, after mixing 1 liter of mullein infusion with 10 liters of water.One bucket of the resulting mixture will be enough to fertilize 2-3 bushes of Bayan white currant. An alternative to root dressing can be spraying the crown of the bush with mineral mixtures, which is usually performed in June. In this case, to prepare a working solution, it is necessary to mix in a bucket of water 2-3 g of zinc sulfate, 5-10 g of manganese sulfate, 2-2.5 g of boric acid, 2-3 g of ammonium molybdenum and 1-2 g of copper sulfate.
Closer to mid-autumn, 10-15 kg of compost or humus, 80-120 g of superphosphate fertilizer, 300-500 g of fruit and vegetable mixture and 30-50 g of potassium chloride are additionally added to each currant bush. Fertilizers close up in the soil at the next autumn digging.
Loosening, weed removal and mulching of the substrate. These actions are performed shortly after absorbing irrigation fluid into the ground. It was at this time that the soil became more loose and supple, making it very easy to extract weeds. At the end of loosening, it remains only to mulch the near-stem zone with a five-centimeter layer of sawdust or peat, which will help maintain moisture in the substrate and limit further growth of weeds.
Pest and Disease Control
The Bayan variety is characterized by increased resistance to typical diseases and pests of this culture, in particular, to all kinds of fungi. True, it is impossible to completely exclude the probability of their occurrence, just as one cannot talk about the absence of pests on currant bushes. As for the latter, first of all we are talking about red-headed aphids, but the defeat of plants by a kidney tick in this case is unlikely.Among other pests characteristic of these plants, it is worth highlighting various species of aphids, butterflies, fireflies, ticks and currant glasshouses, in the fight against which standard insecticidal preparations are usually used: Aktara, Confidor, Tanrek, Iskra, Inta-Vir, Biotlin. As for the list of effective fungicides, they include Topaz, Skor, Quadras, Horus.
Did you know? The benefits of currant berries are determined by their color, so the white variety is considered less useful than black.
The norms of application and the method of preparation of the working solution are always indicated by the manufacturer on the package with the drug. Alternative to chemicals can be folk recipes based on soap or herbal infusions, the smell of which insects cannot tolerate.
Trimming and shaping a bush
The bushes of white currant are pruned in almost the same way as the plants of the black variety, performing the procedure in spring, summer or autumn. For adult plants, anti-aging pruning will be appropriate, with the complete removal of old, non-fruiting shoots.
The pruning plan for the Bayan variety may consist of two stages:
- In early spring, immediately after the disappearance of the snow cover, the bushes are cut for sanitary purposes, removing all frozen, old and broken branches. In addition, for young plants, crown formation by shortening all shoots to 3-4 buds will be relevant (only two or three most developed shoots are left in two or three year old currant bushes, and the rest are cut out at the very base so that no stumps remain). In the future, 3-4 more strong shoots are left from the basal shoots of pruned currants every year, cutting out the rest. Thus, the bush is formed until it forms 16–20 skeletal branches of different ages.It is better not to touch annual growths on fruiting shoots so as not to disrupt the overall yield of the bush.
- With the advent of autumn all old, broken and shrunken shoots are subject to cutting, which thicken the bush and limit the penetration of sunlight into the depths of the plant. It is also worth removing the branches affected by the glass and gall midges.
Given the late ripening of Bayan currants (some bushes continue to bear fruit even at the end of September), it is worth considering the probability of plant damage by early frosts, which are especially characteristic of the northern regions of cultivation. In order to prevent serious consequences and not to destroy the bushes, it is worthwhile to remove the shoots from the supports in a timely manner and bend to the ground, cover with spruce branches or artificial material (not earlier than 2 weeks before the expected frosts).
Of course, these actions should be the final stage of the autumn work on pruning bushes, as well as watering and fertilizing the soil under them.
Harvesting and transportation of crops
The harvest of ripened Bayan currants does not begin until the beginning or middle of August, be sure to carefully pick the berries (preferably by hand). Due to the thin skin, white currant is unsuitable for long transportation, so when grown on an industrial scale, you will have to take care of the proximity of the points of sale.At home, at a low air temperature (up to + 5 ° C), the crop can remain usable for no more than 2-3 days, after which it is better to process it for jams or preserves. According to the reviews of many housewives from the Bayan variety, excellent jelly is obtained, the taste of which will be appreciated by all family members.
With the proper cultivation of the described currant bushes on the site, no problems with the plant should arise, and the harvest of fruits from the Bayan bushes will always please with its abundance.